MODERN AND CLASSICAL LANGUAGES
Department Chair: Mrs. Anne Pearson
These courses develop an ability to speak, understand, read and write a foreign language. Upper level courses develop an understanding of the languages literature and culture. Grammar is studied as part of the development of reading and writing skills. Classes are conducted in the language as much as possible. Tapes, films, videos and computers are used in instruction.
An introduction to French, this course balances the spoken and the written language. Dialogues, cultural reading, pattern drills and writing exercises are used to improve the four skills: reading, writing, listening and speaking.
This course continues to develop the four basic language skills, with a shift toward more difficult reading and to the writing of paragraph essays. French II is taught largely in French.
At this level, there continues to be an emphasis on reading, writing, speaking, and listening with an introduction to readings from important French authors. For example, Le Petit Prince is one of the regular short novels that is read at this level.
Emphasis in this course is on literature, composition and the civilization of France. Students are required to discuss major literary works in French. Students are also taught the correct terminology to analyze literature. Lengthy oral ?exposes? are presented by the students to the class. Selections from the great 19th and 20th century French authors in a variety of genres portray French life and culture.
Advanced Placement French Language & Literature
This course is designed to provide students with an intellectual challenge through the advanced study of French literature and language. Students take the Advanced Placement examination to measure achievement. They learn to read and analyze representative works of French literature, and to comprehend prose and verse passages of moderate difficulty and mature content. This course is the equivalent of a third-year college course.
This is an introduction to the basic fundamentals of Latin and to the culture of ancient Rome. The course ranges from pronunciation and syllabication of Latin words, to basic word roots and vocabulary. Students learn the declensions of nouns, the conjugation of verbs and sentence patterns.
Latin II is a more comprehensive study of Latin language and culture. Students learn the subjunctive mood along with its many uses, as well as vocabulary and basic grammar. Stories of Roman mythology and the important events in Roman history are translated into English. The course also includes a study of Rome?s contribution to modern society and culture.
This course includes a review of grammar and an introduction to a wide range of Latin authors, both in prose and poetry. Students examine the works of Caesar, Cicero, Sallust, Livy, Ovid, Pliny, Vergil and Catullus among others. Texts are adapted at the beginning of the course but are modified less and less, and by the end of the course, original works are being read and understood in their historical context.
Latin IV/Advanced Placement Latin
AP Vergil is devoted to the study of the Aeneid. Almost 1900 lines from all parts of the book are read in Latin and the rest is read in English. Students are taught to recognize the many literary and poetic devices used, and to write essays on the themes, characterizations and Roman values which recur in Vergil's work.
This course introduces motivated students to the basics of Mandarin Chinese. The workload is intense, and students must be prepared to adapt to an unfamiliar set of characters and intonations. Students develop fundamental writing and pronunciation skills. Lessons topics covered are: greetings, family, dates and time, hobbies. Daily instruction includes drilling in the four target skills of speaking, listening, writing, and reading.
This course continues to enhance the fundamental writing and speaking skills of the first year, and further broaden students’ knowledge of Chinese culture. Students are actively engaged in oral exercises to improve their pronunciation, and continue to build on their foundation of characters. Lesson topics covered are: visiting friends, making appointments, school life, shopping, transportation, and giving directions. Instruction is solely in Chinese.
Rigorous practice of spoken and written Chinese in more complex communication activities are complemented by intensive drills to fine-tune pronunciation, expand vocabulary, and internalize more complex grammatical constructions. Short stories and other supplementary reading materials are employed. Special emphasis is given to developing a greater fluidity and flexibility in expression and response based on various situations. Students continue to expand their understanding of Chinese culture. Instruction is solely in Chinese.
Advanced Placement Chinese
Rigorous practice of spoken and written Chinese in more complex communication activities will be complemented by intensive drills to fine-tune pronunciation, expand vocabulary, and internalize more complex grammatical constructions. Basic writing skills are developed and practiced. Supplementary reading materials such as short stories are employed. Special emphasis is given to developing a greater fluidity and flexibility in expression and response.
This introductory course covers the basic language skills of vocabulary development, reading and writing. Special attention is paid to the development of a correct accent and to the mastery of basic speech patterns.
The focus of this course is to improve the four skill areas: reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The course begins with a comprehensive review to reinforce first-year work. At the end of this course, students should be able to write a paragraph essay using correct Spanish syntax, as well as carry out a basic conversation in Spanish.
This course presents more advanced and subtle Spanish syntax, usage and idiom. Reading and writing skills are developed through the literature of Spain and Spanish America. Fluency and accuracy in spoken Spanish is stressed.
This course focuses on Spanish and Spanish-American literature and the civilization of Spain. Students read selections from the great Spanish masterpieces, use advanced Spanish grammar, and fine-tune listening and speaking skills.
Advanced Placement Spanish Language
Students must possess a basic knowledge of the language and culture of Spanish-speaking people, and be reasonably proficient in listening comprehension, speaking, reading and writing. Course content reflects the intellectual interests shared by the students and teacher (the arts, history, current events, literature, culture, sports, etc.) Materials include recordings, films, newspapers and magazines. Students take the A.P. examination to measure achievement.
Advanced Placement Spanish Literature
The Advanced Placement Literature course is intended to be the equivalent of a third year college Introduction to Literature in Spanish course, covering selected works from Spain and Spanish America. Because students read and analyze literature orally and in written Spanish, the language proficiency reached by the end of the course is generally equivalent to that of a college student who has completed a fifth or sixth semester of Spanish in composition, conversation, and grammar. The function of the Advanced Placement Spanish Literature course is to prepare the student to: 1. understand a lecture in Spanish and to participate actively in discussions on literary topics in Spanish. 2. do close readings of literary texts of all genres in Spanish. 3. analyze critically the form and content of literary works (including poetry) orally and in writing using appropriate terminology.